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 Pyramids with square bases  (Read 3055 times) 0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.
silverklyph

Senior Newbie

Java games rock!

 « Posted 2003-11-28 18:16:51 »

Ok, I'm a noob to the very core of the definition of the word, but pardon the stupidity of my question:

I've been playing around with Xith3D for all of a week now, and I'm trying to use the the Cube.createCubeViaTriangles() idea to create a pyramid with a square base.  Unfortunately, anytime i call the following method, it returns a simple, 2D triangle:

public static Geometry createTriangle(float x, float y, float z, float size){
float half = size/2f;

Point3f[] coords = new Point3f[] {

new Point3f(x, y+half, z),
new Point3f((float)(x+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2))),
new Point3f((float)(x-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2))),

new Point3f(x, y+half, z),
new Point3f((float)(x+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2))),
new Point3f((float)(x+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2))),

new Point3f(x, y+half, z),
new Point3f((float)(x-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2))),
new Point3f((float)(x-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2))),

new Point3f(x, y+half, z),
new Point3f((float)(x-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2))),
new Point3f((float)(x+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2)))
};

Color3f[] colors = new Color3f[] {

new Color3f(1f,1f,1f),
new Color3f(1f,0f,0f),
new Color3f(0f,1f,0f),

new Color3f(0f,1f,0f),
new Color3f(0f,0f,1f),
new Color3f(1f,1f,1f),

new Color3f(1f,1f,1f),
new Color3f(1f,0f,0f),
new Color3f(0f,1f,0f),

new Color3f(0f,1f,0f),
new Color3f(0f,0f,1f),
new Color3f(1f,1f,1f),
};

TriangleArray qa = new TriangleArray(coords.length, GeometryArray.COORDINATES|GeometryArray.COLOR_3|GeometryArray.TEXTURE_COORDINATE_2);

qa.setCoordinates(0,coords);
qa.setColors(0,colors);

return qa;
}

What am I doing wrong?
Jeff

JGO Coder

Got any cats?

 « Reply #1 - Posted 2003-11-29 01:57:32 »

Well, without going any deeper into it, I only see 4 vertexes.

A square based pyramid has 5.  The 4 base corners and the top.

Got a question about Java and game programming?  Just new to the Java Game Development Community?  Try my FAQ.  Its likely you'll learn something!

http://wiki.java.net/bin/view/Games/JeffFAQ
cfmdobbie

Senior Devvie

Medals: 1

Who, me?

 « Reply #2 - Posted 2003-11-29 08:36:04 »

You've got four sides defined by three points each.  Scanning down the signs on your list of vertices, I see two z-components with +,-.  I expect one of those should be -,+.  When you say you're only seeing one triangle, I take it you can't see any others from any other angle?  Even below?

I'll guess the winding order of your vertices is wrong, so you're only seeing the back of the faces, which are being culled - apart from the one triangle that is the other (correct) way around.  Try the following instead:

 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15 `new Point3f(x, y+half, z),new Point3f((float)(x-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2))),new Point3f((float)(x+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2))), new Point3f(x, y+half, z),new Point3f((float)(x+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2))),new Point3f((float)(x+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2))), new Point3f(x, y+half, z),new Point3f((float)(x-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2))),new Point3f((float)(x-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2))), new Point3f(x, y+half, z),new Point3f((float)(x+half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2))),new Point3f((float)(x-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/6)), y-half, (float)(z-half*Math.cos(Math.PI/2)))`

Hellomynameis Charlie Dobbie.
silverklyph

Senior Newbie

Java games rock!

 « Reply #3 - Posted 2003-11-29 09:23:56 »

AAAAHHH!!! My trig was off.  I was using the cos(pi/2) instead of the cos(pi/4).

Cos(pi/2) == 0

That's where I was going wrong... thanks for reposting the code so I could look through it more carefully!
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