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  2D breakout type deflections  (Read 2405 times)
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Offline DrQuincy

Junior Member




Vwls hv bn bnnd!


« Posted 2006-07-21 14:27:18 »

Hi

Can someone point me in the right direction of the maths behind sending a ball at a certain angle and then it bouncing off (like in the Breakout games).

Thanks.
Offline CommanderKeith
« Reply #1 - Posted 2006-07-22 05:16:54 »

Its a little more involved than this, but as a starting point:

Give the moving object maxSpeed and x & y velocities.  Figure out if the moving object is going to hit the 'wall' (line) & get the point of impact.  Use trigonometry on the x & y velocities to figure out the angle that its approaching the line, then figure out the angle it will bounce off it.  Use this new angle to give the object a new x & y velocity. 

To simplify the angle calculations, make all of your polygons which comprise your obstacles/walls list their points in the same anti-clockwise direction.

I hope that helped,
Keith

Offline JAW

Senior Member


Medals: 2



« Reply #2 - Posted 2006-09-06 00:06:50 »

Generally, get the angle of impact and reflect in the same angle.
If you only have vertical and horizontal bouncing like Breakout or Pong, inverting the x or y velocity does it.

-JAW
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Offline Orangy Tang

JGO Kernel


Medals: 56
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Monkey for a head


« Reply #3 - Posted 2006-09-06 00:10:04 »

If you only have vertical and horizontal bouncing like Breakout or Pong, inverting the x or y velocity does it.
Except that thats not how breakout does it. In breakout, the closer to the edge of the bat the sharper the angle the ball bounces off at. IIRC the input angle isn't taken into account at all.

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Offline oNyx

JGO Coder


Medals: 1


pixels! :x


« Reply #4 - Posted 2006-09-06 02:37:41 »

[...]
Except that thats not how breakout does it. In breakout, the closer to the edge of the bat the sharper the angle the ball bounces off at. IIRC the input angle isn't taken into account at all.

Yea thats how its done in classic breakout games. However, in most modern breakouts the bumper is arced and the ball is bounced off in a realistic manner... its sorta more intuitive to use.

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Offline Amos Wenger

Senior Member




Everything's possible, but not everything's fun...


« Reply #5 - Posted 2006-09-06 15:55:11 »

[...]
Except that thats not how breakout does it. In breakout, the closer to the edge of the bat the sharper the angle the ball bounces off at. IIRC the input angle isn't taken into account at all.

Yea thats how its done in classic breakout games. However, in most modern breakouts the bumper is arced and the ball is bounced off in a realistic manner... its sorta more intuitive to use.
Yeah but it then results in a slightly different gameplay which is, in my opinion, less powerful (yet simpler).

"Once you start working on something, don't be afraid of failure and don't abandon it. People who work sincerely are the happiest"
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