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  How can I take microphone input?  (Read 3333 times)
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Offline bert

Junior Devvie




Miles of road and miles of code


« Posted 2006-07-16 15:54:50 »

I'm creating a program (ok, so it's not a game but it's just as cool) where I can record several tracks of sampled audio and store them as byte arrays, then play them all back on top of each other simultaneously. So far I've been recording using Sound Recorder to record my music and opening the .wav files in my program. What can I use to gain direct access to the mic?

w00t, i'm winning
Offline BloodRain

Junior Devvie





« Reply #1 - Posted 2006-07-16 16:19:30 »

/*File AudioCapture01.java
This program demonstrates the capture
and subsequent playback of audio data.

A GUI appears on the screen containing
the following buttons:
Capture
Stop
Playback

Input data from a microphone is
captured and saved in a
ByteArrayOutputStream object when the
user clicks the Capture button.

Data capture stops when the user clicks
the Stop button.

Playback begins when the user clicks
the Playback button.

Tested using SDK 1.4.0 under Win2000
**************************************/

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import java.io.*;
import javax.sound.sampled.*;

public class AudioCapture01
                        extends JFrame{

  boolean stopCapture = false;
  ByteArrayOutputStream
                 byteArrayOutputStream;
  AudioFormat audioFormat;
  TargetDataLine targetDataLine;
  AudioInputStream audioInputStream;
  SourceDataLine sourceDataLine;

  public static void main(
                        String args[]){
    new AudioCapture01();
  }//end main

  public AudioCapture01(){//constructor
    final JButton captureBtn =
                new JButton("Capture");
    final JButton stopBtn =
                   new JButton("Stop");
    final JButton playBtn =
               new JButton("Playback");

    captureBtn.setEnabled(true);
    stopBtn.setEnabled(false);
    playBtn.setEnabled(false);

    //Register anonymous listeners
    captureBtn.addActionListener(
      new ActionListener(){
        public void actionPerformed(
                        ActionEvent e){
          captureBtn.setEnabled(false);
          stopBtn.setEnabled(true);
          playBtn.setEnabled(false);
          //Capture input data from the
          // microphone until the Stop
          // button is clicked.
          captureAudio();
        }//end actionPerformed
      }//end ActionListener
    );//end addActionListener()
    getContentPane().add(captureBtn);

    stopBtn.addActionListener(
      new ActionListener(){
        public void actionPerformed(
                        ActionEvent e){
          captureBtn.setEnabled(true);
          stopBtn.setEnabled(false);
          playBtn.setEnabled(true);
          //Terminate the capturing of
          // input data from the
          // microphone.
          stopCapture = true;
        }//end actionPerformed
      }//end ActionListener
    );//end addActionListener()
    getContentPane().add(stopBtn);

    playBtn.addActionListener(
      new ActionListener(){
        public void actionPerformed(
                        ActionEvent e){
          //Play back all of the data
          // that was saved during
          // capture.
          playAudio();
        }//end actionPerformed
      }//end ActionListener
    );//end addActionListener()
    getContentPane().add(playBtn);

    getContentPane().setLayout(
                     new FlowLayout());
    setTitle("Capture/Playback Demo");
    setDefaultCloseOperation(
                        EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
    setSize(250,70);
    setVisible(true);
  }//end constructor

  //This method captures audio input
  // from a microphone and saves it in
  // a ByteArrayOutputStream object.
  private void captureAudio(){
    try{
      //Get everything set up for
      // capture
      audioFormat = getAudioFormat();
      DataLine.Info dataLineInfo =
                new DataLine.Info(
                  TargetDataLine.class,
                   audioFormat);
      targetDataLine = (TargetDataLine)
                   AudioSystem.getLine(
                         dataLineInfo);
      targetDataLine.open(audioFormat);
      targetDataLine.start();

      //Create a thread to capture the
      // microphone data and start it
      // running.  It will run until
      // the Stop button is clicked.
      Thread captureThread =
                new Thread(
                  new CaptureThread());
      captureThread.start();
    } catch (Exception e) {
      System.out.println(e);
      System.exit(0);
    }//end catch
  }//end captureAudio method

  //This method plays back the audio
  // data that has been saved in the
  // ByteArrayOutputStream
  private void playAudio() {
    try{
      //Get everything set up for
      // playback.
      //Get the previously-saved data
      // into a byte array object.
      byte audioData[] =
                 byteArrayOutputStream.
                         toByteArray();
      //Get an input stream on the
      // byte array containing the data
      InputStream byteArrayInputStream
            = new ByteArrayInputStream(
                            audioData);
      AudioFormat audioFormat =
                      getAudioFormat();
      audioInputStream =
        new AudioInputStream(
          byteArrayInputStream,
          audioFormat,
          audioData.length/audioFormat.
                       getFrameSize());
      DataLine.Info dataLineInfo =
                new DataLine.Info(
                  SourceDataLine.class,
                          audioFormat);
      sourceDataLine = (SourceDataLine)
                   AudioSystem.getLine(
                         dataLineInfo);
      sourceDataLine.open(audioFormat);
      sourceDataLine.start();

      //Create a thread to play back
      // the data and start it
      // running.  It will run until
      // all the data has been played
      // back.
      Thread playThread =
          new Thread(new PlayThread());
      playThread.start();
    } catch (Exception e) {
      System.out.println(e);
      System.exit(0);
    }//end catch
  }//end playAudio

  //This method creates and returns an
  // AudioFormat object for a given set
  // of format parameters.  If these
  // parameters don't work well for
  // you, try some of the other
  // allowable parameter values, which
  // are shown in comments following
  // the declarations.
  private AudioFormat getAudioFormat(){
    float sampleRate = 8000.0F;
    //8000,11025,16000,22050,44100
    int sampleSizeInBits = 16;
    //8,16
    int channels = 1;
    //1,2
    boolean signed = true;
    //true,false
    boolean bigEndian = false;
    //true,false
    return new AudioFormat(
                      sampleRate,
                      sampleSizeInBits,
                      channels,
                      signed,
                      bigEndian);
  }//end getAudioFormat
//===================================//

//Inner class to capture data from
// microphone
class CaptureThread extends Thread{
  //An arbitrary-size temporary holding
  // buffer
  byte tempBuffer[] = new byte[10000];
  public void run(){
    byteArrayOutputStream =
           new ByteArrayOutputStream();
    stopCapture = false;
    try{//Loop until stopCapture is set
        // by another thread that
        // services the Stop button.
      while(!stopCapture){
        //Read data from the internal
        // buffer of the data line.
        int cnt = targetDataLine.read(
                    tempBuffer,
                    0,
                    tempBuffer.length);
        if(cnt > 0){
          //Save data in output stream
          // object.
          byteArrayOutputStream.write(
                   tempBuffer, 0, cnt);
        }//end if
      }//end while
      byteArrayOutputStream.close();
    }catch (Exception e) {
      System.out.println(e);
      System.exit(0);
    }//end catch
  }//end run
}//end inner class CaptureThread
//===================================//
//Inner class to play back the data
// that was saved.
class PlayThread extends Thread{
  byte tempBuffer[] = new byte[10000];

  public void run(){
    try{
      int cnt;
      //Keep looping until the input
      // read method returns -1 for
      // empty stream.
      while((cnt = audioInputStream.
        read(tempBuffer, 0,
            tempBuffer.length)) != -1){
        if(cnt > 0){
          //Write data to the internal
          // buffer of the data line
          // where it will be delivered
          // to the speaker.
          sourceDataLine.write(
                   tempBuffer, 0, cnt);
        }//end if
      }//end while
      //Block and wait for internal
      // buffer of the data line to
      // empty.
      sourceDataLine.drain();
      sourceDataLine.close();
    }catch (Exception e) {
      System.out.println(e);
      System.exit(0);
    }//end catch
  }//end run
}//end inner class PlayThread
//===================================//

}//end outer class AudioCapture01.java[size=10pt][/size]




Sorry if this is too long . I found this on the internet some time ago.I hope it helps...
Offline bert

Junior Devvie




Miles of road and miles of code


« Reply #2 - Posted 2006-07-22 19:23:18 »

Thanks... would you happen to know anything about ripping music off CD's?

w00t, i'm winning
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Offline BloodRain

Junior Devvie





« Reply #3 - Posted 2006-07-23 18:00:54 »

Sorry... nothing  Sad
Offline Jeff

JGO Coder




Got any cats?


« Reply #4 - Posted 2006-07-24 04:41:08 »

There are plenty of opens oruce CD-Rippers out there if you can read C code.  Im sure there are discussions of the tecniques as well.

Google is your friend.

Got a question about Java and game programming?  Just new to the Java Game Development Community?  Try my FAQ.  Its likely you'll learn something!

http://wiki.java.net/bin/view/Games/JeffFAQ
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